【清華大學英語語言學概論歷年解答】

轉學考解答-清華大學英語語言學概論92年度

蜜兒幫大家整理了解答部分有需要可以看看唷

 

I
(1) [-voice]

(2) [+high]

(3) [+bilabial]

(4) [-nasal, -lateral ]

(5) [-back]

 

II
/z/↗[s] / [+consonantal, -voice] __ ﹟

→["z]/ [+consonantal, +strident, -labial] __﹟

↘[z] / elsewhere


III

1. Soup doesn't belong to the group because while the rest of

the group share the property of being object, soup denotes liquid.


2. Swim doesn't belong to the group because while the rest of

the group take place on the ground, swim occurs in water.


3. Dead doesn't belong to the group because while the rest of

the group describe a living man,

dead denotes a man who passed away.


4. Chalk is different from the rest of the group. The rest of

the group are printed paper bound together

while chalk is used to write on blackboard.


5. I have no idea.

 


IV

Greek: tragedy, theater

Latin: logic, agenda

 


V

Synthetic language is a language whose words are made up of

free morphemes and bound affixes.

By studying the bound affixes,

we can know the grammatical function of the word.

 

That is, in old English, though the word order is disturbed,

we still can know which is the subject, and which is the object.

In analytic language, it builds up the sentence's meaning

by the combination of free morphemes,

and it rarely uses bound affixes.

 

In modern English, we have to know the meaning by the word order.

For example, the dog chases the cat,

we know it is the dog doing the action; if the sentence is

---the cat chases the dog, it is the cat chasing the dog.

 

We have to know the meaning by the word order.

However, in old English, we don't Oa.

 


VI

[t] and [d] are allophones of the same phoneme./t/→[d]/ V__V.

[n] and [N] are also allophones of the same phoneme.

/n/→[N]/ __ [+consonantal, +velar].

Either the first one or the second is a kind of assimilation.

The first one.

 


VII

1. V +ment (establish +ment, apart +ment );

V +ion (transact +ion, adopt +ion)


2. en+ N (en+ amor, en+ cage); de+ N (de+ gas, de+ germ)


3. V +ful (hope +ful, harm +ful); V +less (use +less, reck +less)


4. A +ness (sad +ness, black +ness);

A+ist (kinetic +ist, eugenic +ist)


5. im+ A (im +possible, im +polite);

dis+ V (dis+ appear, dis+ affect)

 


VIII

Syntactically, given the data above,

we will have the following conclusion.

 

First, in the imperative sentence,

the subject allowed in the clause must be "you."

As a result, (m) and (p) are ill-formed.

 

Second, the subject, you, can be omitted in the imperative sentence.

 

Third, the reflexive must be "yourself."

As a result, (c), (f), (h), (k), and (o) are ungrammatical.

 

Fourth, the pronoun should be in the reflexive form,

so (e) is not allowed.

 

Finally, the tense of the imperative must be present;

therefore, (g) is not permissible.

 

Semantically, because the omitted subject

and the reflexive pronoun should refer to

the same person within one clause,

the reflexive must be "yourself."

 

That is why (c), (f), (h), (k), and (o) are not allowed.

 

Let me explain specifically, for example in (c): Take care of himself!

The reflexive should find a proper antecedent within one clause;

that is, the subject with [+third person, +male, - plural].

 

However, we have known the subject of the imperative must be YOU,

so it is impossible to find a proper subject for "himself."

Then, why (e) is ungrammatical?

 

That is because if the subject and the following pronoun refer to

the same person, the pronoun should become reflexive.

 

Moreover, only dynamic verbs have the imperative:

*know [+state] the answer is ill-formed.

 

 

資料來源:PTT轉考板zookeeper

 

 

蜜兒碎碎念:

 求學的過程中總有挫折,但那不是盡頭~

 只是在提醒你,該堅持,還是該轉彎了。

轉學考.轉學考古題.轉學考資格.轉學考.轉學考補習班推薦.研究所.研究所考試.研究所查榜.研究計畫.研究方法.研究所英文.研究所推甄.研究計畫範例.研究所自傳.研究動機.理工學院.醫學.私醫轉.農學.商管學院.文學系.法學院.電機系.資工系.機械系.化工系.土木系.化學系.數學系.物理系.醫學系.醫學系.生科系.生技系.醫檢系.護理系.醫管系.營養系.財金系.資管系.企管系.會計系.統計系.風保系.觀光系.休管系.經濟系.法律系.政治系.公共行政系.社會系.社工系.心理系.教育系.外文系.日文系.中文系.大眾傳播系.新聞系.廣告系.哲學系.歷史系.商學院.文學院.法學院.工學院.理學院.醫學院對轉學考與研究所有興趣的網友章延伸:

轉學考.轉學考古題.轉學考資格.轉學考.轉學考補習班推薦.研究所.研究所考試.研究所查榜.研究計畫.研究方法.研究所英文.研究所推甄.研究計畫範例.研究所自傳.研究動機.理工學院.醫學.私醫轉.農學.商管學院.文學系.法學院.電機系.資工系.機械系.化工系.土木系.化學系.數學系.物理系.醫學系.醫學系.生科系.生技系.醫檢系.護理系.醫管系.營養系.財金系.資管系.企管系.會計系.統計系.風保系.觀光系.休管系.經濟系.法律系.政治系.公共行政系.社會系.社工系.心理系.教育系.外文系.日文系.中文系.大眾傳播系.新聞系.廣告系.哲學系.歷史系.商學院.文學院.法學院.工學院.理學院.醫學院對轉學考與研究所有興趣的網友2015/104年轉學考考試對衝表轉學考.轉學考古題.轉學考資格.轉學考.轉學考補習班推薦.研究所.研究所考試.研究所查榜.研究計畫.研究方法.研究所英文.研究所推甄.研究計畫範例.研究所自傳.研究動機.理工學院.醫學.私醫轉.農學.商管學院.文學系.法學院.電機系.資工系.機械系.化工系.土木系.化學系.數學系.物理系.醫學系.醫學系.生科系.生技系.醫檢系.護理系.醫管系.營養系.財金系.資管系.企管系.會計系.統計系.風保系.觀光系.休管系.經濟系.法律系.政治系.公共行政系.社會系.社工系.心理系.教育系.外文系.日文系.中文系.大眾傳播系.新聞系.廣告系.哲學系.歷史系.商學院.文學院.法學院.工學院.理學院.醫學院對轉學考與研究所有興趣的網友

轉學考.轉學考古題.轉學考資格.轉學考.轉學考補習班推薦.研究所.研究所考試.研究所查榜.研究計畫.研究方法.研究所英文.研究所推甄.研究計畫範例.研究所自傳.研究動機.理工學院.醫學.私醫轉.農學.商管學院.文學系.法學院.電機系.資工系.機械系.化工系.土木系.化學系.數學系.物理系.醫學系.醫學系.生科系.生技系.醫檢系.護理系.醫管系.營養系.財金系.資管系.企管系.會計系.統計系.風保系.觀光系.休管系.經濟系.法律系.政治系.公共行政系.社會系.社工系.心理系.教育系.外文系.日文系.中文系.大眾傳播系.新聞系.廣告系.哲學系.歷史系.商學院.文學院.法學院.工學院.理學院.醫學院對轉學考與研究所有興趣的網友2015/104年轉學考最新簡章轉學考.轉學考古題.轉學考資格.轉學考.轉學考補習班推薦.研究所.研究所考試.研究所查榜.研究計畫.研究方法.研究所英文.研究所推甄.研究計畫範例.研究所自傳.研究動機.理工學院.醫學.私醫轉.農學.商管學院.文學系.法學院.電機系.資工系.機械系.化工系.土木系.化學系.數學系.物理系.醫學系.醫學系.生科系.生技系.醫檢系.護理系.醫管系.營養系.財金系.資管系.企管系.會計系.統計系.風保系.觀光系.休管系.經濟系.法律系.政治系.公共行政系.社會系.社工系.心理系.教育系.外文系.日文系.中文系.大眾傳播系.新聞系.廣告系.哲學系.歷史系.商學院.文學院.法學院.工學院.理學院.醫學院對轉學考與研究所有興趣的網友

手機點此加入蜜兒唷轉學考.轉學考古題.轉學考資格.轉學考.轉學考補習班推薦.研究所.研究所考試.研究所查榜.研究計畫.研究方法.研究所英文.研究所推甄.研究計畫範例.研究所自傳.研究動機.理工學院.醫學.私醫轉.農學.商管學院.文學系.法學院.電機系.資工系.機械系.化工系.土木系.化學系.數學系.物理系.醫學系.醫學系.生科系.生技系.醫檢系.護理系.醫管系.營養系.財金系.資管系.企管系.會計系.統計系.風保系.觀光系.休管系.經濟系.法律系.政治系.公共行政系.社會系.社工系.心理系.教育系.外文系.日文系.中文系.大眾傳播系.新聞系.廣告系.哲學系.歷史系.商學院.文學院.法學院.工學院.理學院.醫學院對轉學考與研究所有興趣的網友   

轉學考.轉學考古題.轉學考資格.轉學考.轉學考補習班推薦.研究所.研究所考試.研究所查榜.研究計畫.研究方法.研究所英文.研究所推甄.研究計畫範例.研究所自傳.研究動機.理工學院.醫學.私醫轉.農學.商管學院.文學系.法學院.電機系.資工系.機械系.化工系.土木系.化學系.數學系.物理系.醫學系.醫學系.生科系.生技系.醫檢系.護理系.醫管系.營養系.財金系.資管系.企管系.會計系.統計系.風保系.觀光系.休管系.經濟系.法律系.政治系.公共行政系.社會系.社工系.心理系.教育系.外文系.日文系.中文系.大眾傳播系.新聞系.廣告系.哲學系.歷史系.商學院.文學院.法學院.工學院.理學院.醫學院對轉學考與研究所有興趣的網友

蜜兒更新簡章囉ヽ(●´∀`●)ノヽ(●´∀`●)ノ趕快讀書囉!!!/求學的過程中總有挫折,但那不是盡頭~只是在提醒你,該堅持,還是該轉彎了。

Posted by 最新快訊轉學考研究所考取課業輔導考情分析-插大.私醫 on 2015年4月30日

  

    蜜兒 發表在 痞客邦 留言(0) 人氣()